Community and Social Structure

The Alevi community in Malatya maintains a close-knit social structure that emphasizes communal living, mutual aid, and collective decision-making. This strong sense of community is central to their way of life.

  1. Communal Living: Alevis often live in close-knit neighborhoods or villages where they support each other through daily interactions and shared responsibilities. This communal living fosters a sense of solidarity and collective identity.
  2. Mutual Aid: The principle of “yol” (the way) in Alevism underscores the importance of helping those in need. Community members provide support to each other, whether through sharing resources, assisting in times of hardship, or offering guidance and advice.
  3. Collective Decision-Making: Important decisions within the community are often made collectively, with input from all members. This democratic approach ensures that everyone’s voice is heard and that decisions reflect the consensus of the group.
  4. Respect for Elders: Elders hold a revered position in the Alevi community. They are seen as custodians of tradition and wisdom, and their guidance is highly valued. Respecting and caring for elders is an important aspect of Alevi culture.

Education and Transmission of Knowledge

Education and the transmission of knowledge are crucial in preserving Alevi traditions and beliefs. The community places a strong emphasis on both formal and informal education.

  1. Oral Tradition: Much of Alevi knowledge is passed down orally from one generation to the next. This includes religious teachings, stories, hymns, and poetry. Elders and spiritual leaders play a key role in this process.
  2. Cultural Education: In addition to religious instruction, Alevis educate their young about their cultural heritage, including music, dance, and traditional crafts. This helps to maintain a strong cultural identity and continuity.
  3. Formal Education: Alevis place value on formal education and encourage their children to pursue academic success. Education is seen as a means to achieve personal growth, economic stability, and greater understanding of the world.
  4. Spiritual Guidance: The role of the Dede is vital in providing spiritual education and guidance. Dedeler (plural of Dede) mentor younger members of the community, ensuring they understand and adhere to Alevi principles and practices.

Challenges and Modernization

Like many traditional communities, the Alevis in Malatya face various challenges, particularly in the context of modernization and societal changes.

  1. Integration and Identity: Balancing integration into wider society while maintaining a distinct cultural and religious identity can be challenging. Alevis strive to preserve their unique traditions amidst the influences of modern life.
  2. Discrimination and Misunderstanding: Alevis have historically faced discrimination and misunderstanding from other religious and ethnic groups. Efforts to promote greater understanding and acceptance of Alevi beliefs and practices are ongoing.
  3. Youth Engagement: Engaging younger generations in Alevi traditions can be difficult in the face of modern distractions and influences. Ensuring that youth understand and value their heritage is crucial for the community’s future.
  4. Urbanization: As many Alevis move to urban areas for better economic opportunities, maintaining their close-knit community structure becomes more challenging. Urbanization can lead to a dilution of traditional practices and communal ties.


The Alevi community in Malatya is a vibrant and integral part of the region’s cultural mosaic. Their unique beliefs, practices, and festivals contribute to the diversity and richness of Malatya’s cultural landscape. Despite facing challenges, the Alevis continue to uphold their traditions and adapt to changing times, ensuring that their heritage remains a living and dynamic part of the community. Through their emphasis on humanism, equality, and spirituality, the Alevis offer a distinctive perspective within the broader tapestry of religious and cultural life in Malatya.

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